Senin, 01 Desember 2008

Can Chewing Gum Really Help You Lose Weight Without Exercising?

The British Medical Journal (BMJ) probably lent an inadvertent boost to chewing gum sales this month. The journal reported that chewing gum containing the artificial sweetener sorbitol could lead to severe weight loss. To most desperate to diet ears, that sounds like good news. However, this extreme weight loss was the result of intense gum chewing that provoked several negative side effects.

The BMJ report actually only involved two women, not exactly the material you would want to base widespread medical recommendations on. Both women experienced unexplained severe weight loss and diarrhea. Ultimately, researchers pinned the source of the copious bowel movements and weight loss as 20 grams of sorbitol the ladies consumed daily by smacking on about 15 to 20 sticks of gum a day.

Besides bowel problems, the women also experienced bloating and gas. After the ladies cut back on the gum chewing, the diarrhea and sudden weight loss stopped.

That negative gum news contradicts the findings of the Wrigley Science Institute (WSI). The WSI is an organization that researches new benefits of chewing gum in an effort to increases sales of Wrigley gums like Extra and Juicy Fruit.

In 2007, a study involving 60 participants, aged 18 to 54, were asked to consume a sweet and salty afternoon snack after chewing a sweetened gum or not chewing gum. Hunger, appetite and cravings were rated immediately after lunch, and then hourly.

Based on the findings of this study, the WSI delineated the following benefits of gum chewing:

Chewing gum significantly reduced caloric intake by 25 calories and specifically reduced sweet snack intake by 39 calories; salty snacks were decreased by 11 calories.
Hunger and desire to eat were significantly suppressed by chewing gum at one, two and three hour intervals after lunch.
Participants reported that chewing gum improved their mood by reducing anxiety and stress, and increasing contentment and relaxation.
In a similar study among individuals not actively trying to manage their weight, chewing gum reduced snack intake by average of 36 calories.
Data combined from both studies found that chewing gum reduced intake of the sweet snack in particular by an average of 47 calories.
While the Wrigley's research seems promising, another study published in the journal Appetite unveiled no weight loss benefits related to chewing gum. This study involved 47 volunteers and explored the influence of sweetened chewing gum on appetitive ratings, meal patterning and food intake.

Investigators imposed three test conditions on study participants after they ate lunch at a laboratory: no gum chewing, gum chewing two hours after lunch and gum chewing when hungry. The volunteers completed each treatment (eating lunch then reporting what happned), one day a week for three weeks.

Throughout the remainder of the day, participants self-recorded data about their mood, appetite and food intake. The results revealed that appetite ratings, meal patterning and food intake do not differ among the three treatment conditions.

Apparently, chewing gum can provoke weight loss by either provoking more bowel movements or by distracting you from excessive eating. Just pay attention to the sweetener used in your gum, because artificial sugars have their respective potentially negative side-effects like gas, annoying smacking and uncontrollable bowel movements.


Edelman PR, Chicago. (2007, October 22). Chewing Gum May Help Reduce Cravings and Control Appetite. Newswise.

Juergen, B. et al. (2008, January). Severe weight loss caused by chewing gum. British Journal of Medicine, 336, 96-97.

Julis, R.A. & Mattes, R.D. (2007, March). Influence of sweetened chewing gum on appetite, meal patterning and energy intake. Appetite, 48, 2, 167-175.

Naweko San-Joyz helps people look better. You can get started by using her free weight loss tool located at

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A Brief History Of Chewing Gum And Bubble Gum

It’s actually really hard to imagine that chewing gum is one of the oldest types of candy in the world. Archaeologists have actually found evidence that prehistoric men and women used to chew on tree resin because of the flavor it had. This was more than a thousand years ago. It was also discovered that almost all cultures chewed on some form of gum. Ancient Greeks called tree resin “mastiche” and chewed it to clean their teeth and freshen their breath.

Of course, chewing gum and bubble gum didn’t become commercialized in the United States until the mid 1800’s when the Curtis brothers invented gum from spruce tree resin. They charged one penny for two hunks and the popularity quickly spread. Bubble gum was invented by accident just a few decades later when Frank Fleer invented it. It later evolved into America’s first bubble gum, America’s Original Dubble Bubble Gum. Sales of bubble gum actually declined in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s because doctors actually told people to stop chewing bubble gum because they were afraid that it would make peoples’ intestines stick together. Of course, this theory was quickly disproved and gum got back on course. Sales continued to grow for chewing gum and have always remained strong throughout its history.

In 1951, The Topps company, which makes the popular ring pops kids enjoy so much these days, made bubble gum even more popular by pairing a stick of gum with a pack of baseball cards. This technique increased sales in both gum and baseball cards.

Today, bubble gums are made with sugar, corn syrup, flavorings, softeners and latex or plastic. Now, dubble bubble has a new product, America’s Original Dubble Bubble Gum – Fruitastic Flavors, which has also become a big hit among kids. The original color of gum, pink, is still the most popular color and now, sugarless gum is chewed for dental health reasons. Candy makers like the Willy Wonka also want a piece of the gum market and they are making new products that are similar to gum, like Wonka Laffy Taffy Long Lasting Chews. These are not nearly as popular as gum, but they allow candy companies to get by.

These days, Americans chew around three hundred sticks of gum a year and they love every minute of it. Of course, most gum is still purchased right before Halloween and before Christmas as well. This wonderful product as allowed us to keep our mouths busy for as long as we want. The taste isn’t bad either.

Caitlina Fuller is a freelance writer. Today, bubble gums are made with sugar, corn syrup, flavorings, softeners and latex or plastic. Now, dubble bubble has a new product, America’s Original Dubble Bubble Gum – Fruitastic Flavors, which has also become a big hit among kids. Candy makers like the Willy Wonka also want a piece of the gum market and they are making new products that are similar to gum, like Wonka Laffy Taffy Long Lasting Chews These are not nearly as popular as gum, but they allow candy companies to get by.

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Chewing Gum and Bad Breath

Many people are frequent consumers of chewing gum and bad breath is one of the reasons why. There are innumerable variations on mint flavored chewing gum, all designed to make your breath smell minty and fresh, not to mention cinnamon flavor, and fruit flavors. There are some brands of popular chewing gum specifically marketed for halitoisis, but any gum will do in a pinch. North Americans spend millions of dollars on gum every year because we prefer its taste to the taste of our mouths.

Chewing gum and bad breath is sometimes a winning combination, especially if the halitosis is caused by a food. We all know that having garlic with lunch will make one an outcast for the rest of the day – unless everyone else around shared the meal. Gum will certainly help mute garlic breath. Odors on the breath due to other foods are even more easily masked, and the good news is that the condition is temporary in any case. It’s a good idea to carry some gum for those times when you need a quick and temporary fix.

But all cases of halitosis are not created equal: when the air that comes out of your mouth smells rotten all the time and it has nothing to do with food, you can load up the chewing gum and bad breath won’t budge. The strongest mint gum will only cover up the problem for a minute or two, and even a dedicated routine of oral cleaning doesn’t seem to make much difference. In these cases, you need a halitosis product that’s going to act on the source of the odor.

In most cases that rotten odor is coming from the back of the mouth, specifically the back of the tongue. There, bacteria are breaking down proteins and releasing sulfur compounds that smell foul. Breath mints, chewing gum and bad breath products purchased in pharmacies and food stores usually do not attack these bacteria, although some are medicated and there are new products appearing on the market that claim to do just that.

What is needed is a product that will reduce the number of offensive bacteria living at the back of the tongue, not just cover up the odor for a few minutes. Consumers can purchase mouthwashes with antibacterial ingredients, mouthwashes that contain oils that pick up the bacteria and physically carry them off, and products that deliver oxygen to destroy anaerobic odor producing bacteria (bacteria that can’t live in the presence of oxygen). All of these approaches have promise. There are even some product lines that include chewing gum and bad breath mints that are designed to combat the bacteria while they freshen the breath.

It’s about time.

R. Drysdale is a freelance writer with more than 25 years experience as a health care professional. She is a contributing editor to Chewing Gum and Bad Breath, a blog dedicated to the treatment of bad breath.

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Learn How To Make chewing Gum

Chewing gum was made of a substance called chicle mixed with flavorings. Chicle is a latex sap that comes from the sapodilla tree (native to Central America). In other words, chicle is a form of rubber. Just like rubber bands don't dissolve when you chew them, neither does chicle. Chicle is a good bit softer than rubber bands and happens to soften more when it gets warm in your mouth. If you freeze chicle with ice, it gets very stiff -- chicle hardens and softens over a pretty narrow temperature range.

After WWII, chemists learned how to make artificial gum bases to replace chicle. These gum bases are essentially synthetic rubbers that have the same temperature profile as chicle.
Gum bases (either natural or artificial) are mixed with sugar and other flavorings to make chewing gum. When you chew it, the rubber releases these flavorings into your mouth.


Chewy Chocolate Chip Cookie Recipe

You now have access to an easy to prepare chewy chocolate chip cookie recipe. We hope you enjoy making it and feel confident that you will enjoy it.

Here are the ingredients to this chewy chocolate chip cookie recipe.


* 2 cups all-purpose flour

* 1/2 teaspoon baking soda

* 1/2 teaspoon salt

* 3/4 cup unsalted butter, melted

* 1 cup packed brown sugar

* 1/2 cup white sugar

* 1 tablespoon vanilla extract

* 1 egg

* 1 egg yolk

* 2 cups semisweet chocolate chips

Here is how you will prepare this chewy chocolate chip cookie recipe:


1. Preheat the oven to 325 degrees F (165 degrees C). Grease cookie sheets or line with parchment paper.

2. Sift together the flour, baking soda and salt; set aside.

3. In a medium bowl, cream together the melted butter, brown sugar and white sugar until well blended. Beat in the vanilla, egg, and egg yolk until light and creamy. Mix in the sifted ingredients until just blended. Stir in the chocolate chips by hand using a wooden spoon. Drop cookie dough 1/4 cup at a time onto the prepared cookie sheets. Cookies should be about 3 inches apart.

4. Bake for 15 to 17 minutes in the preheated oven, or until the edges are lightly toasted. Cool on baking sheets for a few minutes before transferring to wire racks to cool completely.

In addition to the chewy chocolate chip cookie recipe, we want you to have another popular recipe for you and your family.

If you’re looking for a dessert or snack for your family, try this recipe, I am sure it will impress you!


* 1/2 cup butter

* 1/2 cup peanut butter

* 2 cups semisweet chocolate chips

* 1 cup brown sugar

* 1/2 cup white sugar

* 2 eggs

* 2 tablespoons light corn syrup

* 2 tablespoons water

* 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour

* 1 teaspoon baking soda

* 1/2 teaspoon salt

* 2 teaspoons vanilla extract


Cream butter, peanut butter, brown sugar and sugar. Add eggs, corn syrup, water and vanilla, beat until blended well. Sift together flour, baking soda, and salt, and add to creamed mixture, mix well. Stir in chocolate chips.

Drop cookies on cookie sheet in heaping tablespoonfuls, 2 to 3 inches apart. Bake for 12-14 minutes.

We hope you enjoy your chewy chocolate chip cookie recipe!

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